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Cardiac Arrhythmia

Cardiac Arrhythmia

What is Cardiac Arrhythmia

An irregular heartbeat is an Cardiac arrhythmia. A normal heart rate is 50 to 100 beats per minute. Arrhythmias and abnormal heart rates don’t necessarily occur together.

Cardiac Arrhythmia
Cardiac Arrhythmia

When Your Heart Rhythm Isn’t Normal

Rhythm means your heartbeat is irregular. It doesn’t necessarily mean your heart is beating too fast or too slow. It just means it’s out of its normal rhythm. It may feel like your heart skipped a beat, added a beat, is fluttering, or is beating too fast.

Causes and Types of of Arrhythmias

You could have an arrhythmia even if your heart is healthy. Or it could happen because you have:

  1. Heart Disease

  2. The wrong balance of electrolytes in your blood

  3. Changes in your muscle

  4. Injury from a heart attack

  5. Healing process after heart surgery

Symptoms

An arrhythmia can be silent, meaning you don’t notice any symptoms. Symptoms of arrhythmias are varied and can indicate either a harmless condition or one that needs immediate attention.

The most common signs and symptoms of arrhythmias include:

  1. A feeling that your heart is skipping a beat

  2. A heartbeat that is too fast or “racing”

  3. A heartbeat that is too slow

  4. An irregular heartbeat

  5. Pauses between heartbeats

More serious symptoms include:

  1. Chest pain

  2. Shortness of breath

  3. Dizziness

  4. Lightheadedness

  5. Fainting or near-fainting

  6. Severe heart palpitations

  7. Anxiety

  8. Sweating

Treatment of Arrhythmias

Most arrhythmias are considered harmless and are left untreated. He or she will need to find out whether it’s abnormal or merely reflects the heart’s normal processes.

Treatment goals

  1. Prevent blood clots from forming to reduce stroke risk

  2. Control your heart rate within a relatively normal range

  3. Restore a normal heart rhythm, if possible

  4. Treat heart disease/condition that may be causing arrhythmia

  5. Reduce other risk factors for heart disease and stroke

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