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Facts About Type 2 Diabetes

Facts About Type 2 Diabetes

Important Facts About Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition that affects the body’s ability to use glucose. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. To use glucose, insulin is required to get the glucose into cells. Insulin is a hormone made by specialized cells in the pancreas.

Facts About Type 2 Diabetes
Facts About Type 2 Diabetes

Causes

Type 2 diabetes is a condition where the body does not produce sufficient insulin and the body’s cells become resistant to the effects of insulin. This results in the build-up of glucose in the blood while cells are starved of energy. This condition is often a result of persistently high glucose levels as well as obesity and overweight, lifestyle and dietary factors, medications and other issues.

Signs and symptoms

The most serious involve kidney failure, eye problems, neurological damage and increased risk of cardiovascular problems including heart attack and stroke. Some symptoms and warning signs are common in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. These can be seen in the table below and include being very thirsty, frequent urination, rapid weight loss, extreme hunger, weakness and fatigue, sickness and irritability.

Prevention

  • Weight loss and increased physical activity reduced the development of type 2 diabetes.

  • Obtain regular checks of blood cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels to monitor your risk factors and work to achieve and maintain healthy levels of each.

  • Healthy eating may effectively prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes indefinitely.

Treatment

  • Using diabetes medicines

  • Sometimes insulin injections

  • Exercise and Healthy food choices

  • Controlling blood pressure

  • Monitoring cholesterol levels.

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