Hormonal Therapy Treatment
Hormone therapy is the use of hormones in medical treatment. Some types of breast cancer are affected by hormones in the blood. ER-positive and PR-positive breast cancer cells have receptors that attach to estrogen, which helps them grow. Normal women have menopause at a mean age of 51 years, with 95 percent becoming menopausal between the ages of 45 to 55 years.
There are two basic types of Hormone Therapy
ET means Estrogen-only Therapy. Estrogen is the hormone that provides the most menopausal symptom relief. ET is prescribed for women without a uterus due to a hysterectomy.
EPT means Combined Estrogen Plus Progestogen Therapy. Progestogen is added to ET to protect women with a uterus against uterine (endometrial) cancer from estrogen alone.
Benefits of Hormone Therapy
Hormone therapy (HT) is one of the government-approved treatments for relief of menopausal symptoms. These symptoms, caused by lower levels of estrogen at menopause, include hot flashes, sleep disturbances, and vaginal dryness. The benefits of taking hormone pellets include more stable hormone levels due to the gradual release of tiny doses of bio identical hormones over a period of time, a convenient method of obtaining the hormones through insertion of pellets into the body, and use of pure bio identical hormone pellets without additives, according to Advanced Medical Therapeutics. Hormone therapy was also thought to have the long-term benefits of preventing heart disease and possibly dementia. However, further review of clinical trials and new evidence show that hormone therapy may be a good choice for certain women, depending on their risk factors.
Hormonal Therapy Side Effects
In order to minimize serious health risks, Hormone Therapy is recommended at the lowest effective dose for the shortest time period. Most of the risk of breast cancer is associated with EPT. Both ET and EPT have been associated with stroke and an increase in blood clots in the veins. These risks are higher in women over age 60.