What is psilocybin
Psilocybin is a hallucinogenic substance obtained from certain types of mushrooms that are indigenous to tropical and subtropical regions of South America, Mexico, and the United States.
These mushrooms typically contain 0. 2 to 0.4 percent psilocybin and a trace amount of psilocyn, another hallucinogenic substance. Both psilocybin and psilocyn can be produced synthetically, but law enforcement reporting currently does not indicate that this is occurring.
How is psilocybin Abused
Generally mushrooms containing Psilocybin are ingested. They also can be consumed in a powder form or smoked. Alternatively, they also can be placed in a tea or hot beverage or also added to food. Some abusers also disguise the mushroom as candy by covering it with a glaze or chocolate. Once the mushrooms with Psilocybin are ingested, the body breaks down the hallucinogenic substance into Psilocyn.
Extent of psilocybin use
Use of hallucinogenic mushrooms has continued to decline since 2001 to the present, with less than 2% of 15- to 34-year-olds reporting use within the last year. When psilocybin is used, it is likely at raves, dance clubs or in select groups of people seeking a transcendent spiritual experience. In medical settings, psilocybin has been used experimentally for cluster headaches, end stage cancer anxiety, depression and other anxiety-type disorders.
How Psilocybin Improves Your Brain
Magic mushrooms got their name for a reason. Psilocybin — the active chemical in so-called “magic mushrooms” — works on the mind in amazing ways to breed new insights and break from negativity and intransigence. New research is helping us understand how the mushrooms work their magic. A study published last year in the Journal of the Royal Society found that psilocybin actually changes the brain’s organizational framework and allows information to pass from section to section in new or underused neural networks, bypassing the old, well-trodden pathways.
The new connections are not some unorganized jumble, however. “A simple reading of this result would be that the effect of psilocybin is to relax the constraints on brain function, ascribing cognition a more flexible quality, but when looking at the edge level, the picture becomes more complex,” the report notes. “The brain does not simply become a random system after psilocybin injection, but instead retains some organizational features, albeit different from the normal state.”