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Zika virus – Facts about zika virus

Origin of Zika virus

Origin of Zika virus is a member of the flaviviridae family and is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. It is related to other pathogenic vector borne flaviviruses including dengue, West-Nile and Japanese encephalitis viruses but produces a comparatively mild disease in humans.It is spread by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti and A.zika virus-features of zika virus albopictus. Its name comes from the Zika Forest of Uganda, where the virus was first isolated in 1947. Zika virus is related to the dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and West Nile viruses.

Origin of Zika virus
Origin of Zika virus

Symptoms of Zika Virus-facts about zika virus

  1. Fever

  2. Rash

  3. Joint pain

  4. Conjunctivitis (red eyes)

  5. Muscle pain

  6. Headache

Zika is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. Symptoms of Zika are similar to other viruses spread through mosquito bites, like dengue and chikungunya.

Treatment of Zika virus-fcats of zika virus

  1. Get plenty of rest.

  2. Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.

  3. Take medicine such as acetaminophen or paracetamol to reduce fever and pain.

  4. If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.

  5. Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding.

The Zika virus is a mosquito-transmitted infection related to dengue, yellow fever and West Nile virus. Although it was discovered in the Zika forest in Uganda in 1947 and is common in Africa and Asia, it did not begin spreading widely in the Western Hemisphere until last May, when an outbreak occurred in Brazil. It is spread by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti and A. albopictus. Its name comes from the Zika Forest of Uganda, where the virus was first isolated in 1947. Zika virus is related to dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and West Nile viruses. Zika virus disease is usually mild, with symptoms lasting only a few days. The disease has similar clinical signs to dengue, and may be misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common. There is no cure for Zika virus disease. Treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms.

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