What Is Emotional Intelligence
Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to perceive, control and evaluate emotions. The ability to express and control our emotions is essential, but so is our ability to understand, interpret, and respond to the emotions of others. Imagine a world where you could not understand when a friend was feeling sad or when a co-worker was angry.
We all have different personalities, different wants and needs, and different ways of showing our emotions. Emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize your emotions, understand what they’re telling you, and realize how your emotions affect people around you. An important factor in our ability to successfully connect is emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify and manage your own emotions and the emotions of others.
Since 1990, Peter Salovey and John D. Mayer have been the leading researchers on emotional intelligence. In their influential article Emotional Intelligence, they defined emotional intelligence as the subset of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one’s own and others feelings and emotions to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and actions. The term emotional intelligence was popularized in 1995 by psychologist and behavioural science journalist Dr. Daniel Goleman in first book, Emotional Intelligence. Dr. Goleman described emotional intelligence as a person’s ability to manage his feelings so that those feelings are expressed appropriately and effectively. According to Goleman, emotional intelligence is the largest single predictor of success in the workplace.
Although emotional intelligence is the ability to identify, use, understand, and manage your own emotions in positive ways to relieve stress, communicate effectively, empathize with others, overcome challenges and defuse conflict. An important factor in our ability to successfully connect is emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence taps into a fundamental element of human behavior that is distinct from your intellect. There is no known connection between IQ and emotional intelligence; you simply can’t predict emotional intelligence based on how smart someone is.